Task 2 – Discussion/Opinion Essay: Example 1

Task 2 – Discussion/Opinion Essay: Example 1


Climate change is a pressing global issue that has sparked considerable debate in recent years. While some argue that human activity is primarily responsible for climate change, others believe that natural factors play a significant role in shaping global temperatures. This essay will explore both sides of the argument before presenting my own perspective on the issue.

Body Paragraph

Paragraph 1 (Human Activity):

Proponents of the human activity theory argue that the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial processes release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, leading to the enhanced greenhouse effect and subsequent global warming. Evidence from scientific studies supports this claim, with data showing a correlation between rising carbon dioxide levels and increasing global temperatures. For example, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has attributed the recent surge in extreme weather events to human-induced climate change.

Paragraph 2 (Natural Factors):

On the other hand, skeptics of the human activity theory point to natural factors such as solar radiation, volcanic activity, and ocean currents as significant drivers of climate variability. Historical climate data reveals periods of both warming and cooling throughout Earth’s history, long before the industrial revolution. Moreover, some argue that current climate models fail to account for the complexity of natural climate systems and may overestimate the impact of human activity on global temperatures.


In conclusion, the debate over the causes of climate change remains contentious, with valid arguments presented on both sides of the issue. While human activity undoubtedly contributes to the problem, it is essential to consider the role of natural factors in shaping our planet’s climate. Ultimately, addressing climate change requires a comprehensive approach that combines efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions with strategies to adapt to the changing climate. As such, policymakers must prioritize international cooperation and implement evidence-based solutions to mitigate the impacts of climate change and safeguard the planet for future generations.


Outline structure for IELTS Essay

  • Paragraph 1: Introduction
    • Paraphrase the Essay Topic
    • Thesis Statement
  • Paragraph 2: Supporting Paragraph #1
    • ________________________________
    • ________________________________
    • ________________________________
  • Paragraph 3: Supporting Paragraph #2
    • ________________________________
    • ________________________________
    • ________________________________
  • Paragraph 4: Conclusion
    • Transition
    • Restate Thesis/Summarize your ideas
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