Task 2 – Problem Resolution Essay: Step by Step Guide

Task 2 – Problem Resolution Essay: Step by Step Guide

Writing a problem-solution essay for the IELTS exam involves identifying a specific problem, proposing a solution or solutions, and providing supporting evidence or examples. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you structure and write a successful problem-solution essay for IELTS:

Understand the Task:

Read the essay prompt carefully and ensure you understand what the problem is and what solutions are required.

Brainstorm Ideas:

Take a few minutes to brainstorm potential problems related to the given topic. Then, consider possible solutions to each problem.


Start your essay with an introduction that provides background information about the problem. Clearly state the problem and its significance. End the introduction with a thesis statement that outlines the solutions you will discuss in the essay.

Body Paragraphs:

Each body paragraph should focus on a specific solution to the problem. Start each paragraph with a topic sentence that introduces the solution. Then, provide details, evidence, or examples to support your solution. Use logical reasoning and persuasive arguments to explain why your proposed solution is effective.

Counter Arguments (Optional):

Consider addressing potential counterarguments to your proposed solutions. Acknowledge opposing viewpoints and explain why your solutions are still valid despite these objections. This demonstrates a balanced and nuanced understanding of the issue.


Summarize the main points of your essay in the conclusion. Restate the problem and emphasize the importance of addressing it. Reinforce the effectiveness of your proposed solutions and suggest possible avenues for further research or action.

Language and Style:

Use formal language and appropriate vocabulary throughout your essay. Avoid slang, contractions, and overly casual language.

Use a variety of sentence structures to demonstrate your language proficiency.

Pay attention to coherence and cohesion by using transition words and phrases to connect ideas and paragraphs.


Take some time to review and edit your essay for grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. Ensure that your writing is clear, concise, and well-organized.

Word Count:

Aim to write around 250-300 words for your IELTS essay. This will give you enough space to develop your ideas fully without exceeding the word limit.


Practice writing problem-solution essays on a variety of topics to improve your skills. Pay attention to time management and try to complete each essay within the allotted time frame.

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